Alumni

Mana Akrapandit

Country: Thailand
Thesis Title: THE IMPACT OF FERTILITYON CHILD EDUCATIONALATTAINMENT: A LONGITUDINALSTUDY OF A RURAL AREA INTHAILAND.
Advisor: YOTHIN SAWANGDEE
Abstract:

The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of fertility on child educational attainment. Fertility was measured by the number of children born to the child’s mother. Child educational attainment was measured by the number of years of schooling which the child had completed by 1994. The hypothesis of this study was that fertility has an inverse association with child educational attainment. Multiple regression and longitudinal data of Nang Rong 1984 and 1994 were employed for the data analysis. The unit of analysis was children who were 7 – 13 years old in 1984. There were 5,438 cases in this study. Child education attainment was the dependent variable, while independent variable was children ever born. They were 11 control variables in 4 domains: 1) child characteristics (age and gender), 2) family context (family production resources, sizes of production activities, family activities to earn extra income, child dependency ratio, mother’s education, and family type, 3) accessibility to school (distance from village to secondary school), and 4) community factor (living location and ethnicity). The results revealed that in rural areas of the northeast, fertility had an inverse association with child educational attainment. However, fertility could explain child educational attainment very little. The socioeconomic context variables of the children played a more important role on child education than fertility did. Regarding the control variables, boys and children who were younger had higher educational attainment than girls and children who were older. In addition, the children who resided in a family that possessed more production resources, had a lower child dependency ratio, and where the mother had completed grade 4 or higher had higher educational attainment than those who possessed less production resources, had a higher child dependency ratio, and where the mother had completed less than grade 4. Interestingly, the children who resided in villages where the major dialect was Lao had lower education than those who were in Thai Korat villages. The results of the study support the government policy in family planning.

Alumni

Doctor of Philosophy in Demography (International Program)
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