Alumni

Sukanya Chongthawonsatid
sukanyac8@gmail.com

Country: Thailand
Thesis Title: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MIGRATION AND FERTILITY BEHAVIOR: EVIDENCE FROM NANG RONG DISTRICT, BURIRAM PROVINCE, THAILAND
Advisor: PIMONPAN ISARABHAKDI
Abstract:

This study examines differences in timing of birth and birth spacing between migrants and non-migrants, drawing on retrospective event history data and using the Andersen and Gill, or AG model, Wei, Lin and Wiessfeld, or WLW model, and the Prentice, Williams and Petersen, or PWP model, for repeated events. The total observation of married women is 10,944 person-years. Migrants have lower fertility than non-migrants, which equals 1.6 and 2.0 children per woman, respectively. Migrants have longer birth spacing than non-migrants. After 21 years of marriage 17% of migrants had never given birth, whereas at the same time only 11% of non-migrants had never given birth. The median time of childlessness is 2.11 years for non-migrants and 2.77 years for migrants. This means that migrants have a lower chance of having birth than non-migrants. Statistical models show that education and occupation also have powerful effects on the timing of births. Given current low levels of fertility in Thailand, the impact on the second and third intervals are of particular interest. These intervals are longer for women who have moved compared to non- migrants, controlling for age at marriage, year of marriage, education, occupation, household and community factors. This study confirms hypotheses of selectivity, disruption, and adaptation effects of migration on fertility. Rural to rural migration and socialization effect of migrants are also important issues that should be focused on in the future. Results support a low fertility situation in Thailand and that the below-replacement fertility trend will continue for a long time. Further research should focus on the impact of low fertility. Education and occupation (e.g. factories and services) are highly related to fertility behavior, these two variables are the most influential factors that could be changed through programs and policies.

Published Article:

1. Sukanya Chongthawonsatid,Pimonpan Isarabhakdi,Aree Jampaklay,Barbara Entwisle,Chirayath M. Suchindran.
The Relationship between Migration and Timing of Birth in Nang Rong, Thailand.. Journal of Population and Social Studies . (in press)
ประเภทวารสาร : ระดับนานาชาติ
ภาษาที่ใช้ในการตีพิมพ์ : ภาษาอังกฤษ
ฐานข้อมูล : SCOPUS
 

Alumni

Doctor of Philosophy in Demography (International Program)
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